Conservative dentistry is a term used by a dentist to explain how damaged or missing teeth will be replaced. Fillings (often restorations, colloquial seals), crowns (or often lace), bridges and implants are the most commonly used possibilities of conservative dentistry at CLINIDENT. The goal of conservative dentistry is to restore the natural appearance of the teeth and prevent oral diseases in patients.
Tooth filling - filling
One of the common methods of treating cavities is to remove carious lesions and fill the tooth with one of the available types of fillings. Such fillings include: gold, porcelain, plastics or tooth-colored composite resins. At CLINIDENT we usually recommend composite or porcelain filling, which has the best cosmetic effect in the color of natural or adjacent teeth.
Another way is the dental crown as a tooth-shaped overlay applied to its remains after removal of caries. It provides strengthening of the bite of the tooth, protection of the tooth structure, and also protects against the next occurrence of caries at the crown site. The treatment process is carried out so that the dentist heals the tooth from the caries during the visit, then makes an impression. Then a specialist prosthetist prepares the crown in the laboratory, which is cemented at the next visit to the site of the damaged tooth. In the meantime, your dentist may put on a temporary restoration on your tooth. The tooth crown is the perfect solution for patients with broken teeth or large cavities.
The dental bridge connects the edges of the gap resulting from the loss of a tooth or several teeth. At each end of the dental bridge, a crown is mounted, which serves as an anchor for the artificial tooth or teeth located between the crowns and filling the gap. Dental bridges help prevent teeth from sliding toward the site of a lost tooth. The dental bridge on the tooth is not visually different from other natural teeth.
Caries treatment Wroclaw
At each stage of caries development, different methods of dental treatment are used:
- Early stage, carious spots - appropriate fluoride preparations are rubbed into the discolored tooth surface affected by caries. They prevent further infection progression and strengthen tooth enamel. This procedure should be repeated several times over several days.
- Carious defect - this is a bigger problem, but it does not pose a significant threat to the tooth (if we quickly take care of dental treatment). Carious defect should be thoroughly cleaned of infected tissue - it is so disliked tooth drilling (colloquially: drilling in the tooth). After thorough cleaning of the defect, it should be decontaminated and tightly filled with a suitable material (seal, filling). Finally, the seal is adjusted to the bite and the surface is polished so that it does not differ from the surface of natural teeth. Using modern materials, the filling color is selected according to the natural color of the teeth, thanks to which they are completely invisible.
- If caries infection affects the dental pulp (soft tissue), endodontic treatment (or root canal treatment) is necessary. Inflammation, necrosis or gangrene of the dental pulp is manifested by severe nagging pain. Even painkillers usually don't help. Therefore, endodontic treatment should be started as soon as possible. Thanks to the modern method, it is possible to perform the entire procedure during a single visit to the CLINIDENT dental office in Wrocław, but in some cases the classic technique of the procedure should be applied over several dental visits. The procedure begins with a thorough cleaning of the carious defect and opening of the dental canal. Then remove all its contents - infected soft tissue. The root canal should be widened and mechanically cleaned. Then thoroughly disinfect and fill with appropriate material. The tooth chamber is closed with a filling (seal) - a chardenable material. If the tooth pulp and nerves contained in it are still alive, they should be poisoned with appropriate preparations. Therefore, in some cases, the full procedure may be extended to several visits to the dental office. After root canal treatment (endodontic) the tooth remains dead. Over time, it may undergo slight discoloration - a dead tooth absorbs minerals in a different way. However, this is usually the last chance to keep your own tooth, and your own tooth will perform much better than even the best prosthetic restoration.
Teeth treatment Wrocław
Conservative dentistry deals with the diagnosis and treatment of dental caries. Its main purpose is to preserve the patient's own teeth - that is, to protect against their loss. Caries is the most common disease affecting teeth. It is caused by bacteria in the plaque that secrete toxins that dissolve tooth enamel. In this way, the enamel softens, quickly rubs, causing cavities, and bacteria along with carious infection reach deeper and deeper into the teeth. Caries begins with slight caries discoloration on tooth surfaces. They have a yellowish brown color and, apart from aesthetic considerations, initially do not cause any problems. However, if left untreated, they cause rapid abrasion of enamel and penetration of the infection deeper and deeper into the tooth tissue. This is how a carious defect arises - commonly called a hole in a tooth that has unsightly brown-black discoloration. Such a defect strongly weakens the enamel and the entire tooth, it can easily break. Caries infection can even lead to dental pulp (this is not uncommon if the caries is not cured quickly). If the pulp is affected, it becomes infected - the most common symptoms are pain. Over time, the tooth dies and undergoes permanent discoloration, and the infection can affect further tissues. Such a tooth may turn out to be a dangerous inflammation for the whole body causing serious complications. If the caries is not treated at this stage, the tooth can only be removed (tooth extraction). Even the best prosthetic supplement will not replace your own teeth, so you should care for them as well as possible.
In conservative dentistry, prevention is the most important thing. It is generally accepted that tooth decay is caused by neglect in oral hygiene. Only some people, despite using all available hygiene procedures, have a natural susceptibility to this disease. That is why you should start with proper oral hygiene: regularly brush your teeth with a toothbrush at least twice a day, preferably after each meal; daily use of dental floss to clean interdental spaces; mouthwashing liquids that prevent plaque buildup. Regular follow-up visits to the CLINIDENT dental office in Wrocław are also very important: adults once every six months, children once every three months. Thanks to this, the dentist will be able to react quickly already in the early stages of caries. He will point out the best methods of caring for oral hygiene and advise on the most suitable products. You should also regularly undergo hygienic procedures performed by a dentist: scaling of stone and deposits (ultrasonic scaling - removal of tartar), or individual fluoridation of teeth. Nutritional tips can also be very helpful - the type of diet also affects the development of caries. The sooner caries is diagnosed, the easier and cheaper it will be to cure.
- Verified by: Dentist Rafał Pomianowski